- 时间1864 - 1941
“班卓”帕特森的诗歌和故事至今仍很受欢迎，是我们民族文化中最好的作品之一，经常唤起人们对澳大利亚丛林和社区的强烈情感和亲和力。安德鲁·巴顿·帕特森(Andrew Barton Paterson)(后来在他的杂志文章中使用了笔名“班卓琴”);1864年2月17日，他出生在新南威尔士州奥兰治附近的一家先锋公司。他不仅学习优秀，而且是一个全面的运动员。他对马有着深厚的感情，是一名天生的骑手，作为一名业余骑手，他的许多作品都有“马的主题”，这并不奇怪。1885年，他开始为《公报》杂志撰稿，这在当时是澳大利亚民族主义的重要力量，它跨越了所有阶级和品味的界限。他欣然承认对其创始人j·f·阿奇博尔德(J.F. Archibald)的编辑方向表示同情。面对当时盛行的英国思维模式，阿奇博尔德追求的是澳大利亚民族主义。1889年，帕特森自费出版了一本关于社会理想的小册子《澳大利亚人的澳大利亚》(Australia for the australian)，其中潜在的重点是个人和国家的自给自足和依赖。它提倡诚实工作的价值——反对那些没有产出的投机者和操纵者。他认为廉价劳动力是社会堕落的标志。 His ideals rejected unemployment and polarisation of the workforce due to "the strife of the world's markets". In 1895 The Man from Snowy River and Other Verses was released, breaking all publishing records in Australia and becoming a cultural icon itself. Over 100 years later it is still being republished. His great sense of Australianism can be seen not only in his penning of Australia's national song "Waltzing Matilda", but also in many of his other popular works, such as "Clancy of the Overflow", "The Road to Gundagai", "Mulga Bill's Bicycle", and "The Geebung Polo Club"; all contributing to the Australian consciousness. Paterson was caught up in colonial Australia's commitment to the unfortunate Boer War, becoming a war correspondent. He was also a correspondent in the tragic First World War, providing a particular flavour and record of the participation and sacrifices of the Australian forces. As a freelance writer he contributed to various newspapers and magazines. In some of his articles he warned Australians that the threat of Asianisation to the Northern Territory was not being effectively challenged. He attacked the demands of some employers for cheap Asian labour (particularly those in the Northern Territory), and told of the consequences for our nation of Asian immigration. Banjo wrote of : "the fear of the N.T.'s resumption as a Crown colony, an event which would be followed by an influx of cheap Asiatics from Britain's Eastern possessions. And, in fact, the Territory itself is now clamouring for the introduction of the cheap and nasty Chow, notwithstanding that it is breeding its own Chinky fast enough... The hordes of aliens that have accumulated are a menace to the rest of Australia." The Bulletin, 31 December 1898. "Only eight day's steam from our Northern Territory there lies the great seething cauldron of the East, boiling over with parti-coloured humanity - brown and yellow men by the million, and they are quite near enough to us to do a lot of harm if their ideas run that way... If our dashing Australian soldiers are ever called on to fight at all it will be to fight these Eastern peoples, and they will have to fight in our Northern Territory... Furthermore, our Northern Territory, practically uninhabited by whites, is just the place to suit these people. On those great sweltering, steaming, fever-laden plains, where the muddy rivers struggle slowly to the sea, the Orientals are in their glory. If they once get a good footing there, they will out-breed and out-multiply any European race." Sydney Morning Herald, August 1901. "Whatever danger there may be from the kanaka is as nothing compared to the danger of the Oriental invasion... The fact that a few thousands of these people have settled on our coasts does not trouble us much. They can do little harm in our time. But the same was said of the first rabbits let loose in Australia... it is the existence of this and similar depots of Asiatics along our coasts to which the attention of all thinking people is invited. We know what troubles the Americans are having over the black question, and these Asiatics will assuredly be all over northern Australia within the next few years." Sydney Morning Herald, 31 August 1901.