传记康拉德·波特·艾肯（Conrad Potter Aiken）
康拉德·波特·艾肯（Conrad Potter Aiken）
康拉德·艾肯（Conrad Aiken）出生于佐治亚州萨凡纳（Savannah）。艾肯（Aiken）在他的医生父亲杀死了母亲并自杀后发现父母的尸体时，艾肯（Aiken）遭受了巨大的创伤。他从十一岁就在马萨诸塞州长大，曾曾一个曾姑姑在马萨诸塞州长大。在进入哈佛大学之前，艾肯接受了私立学校和康科德的米德尔塞克斯学校的教育。在哈佛，他与T.S.分享了一堂课艾略特（Eliot）与他一起编辑了倡导者，其诗歌要影响自己的诗。艾肯（Aiken）于1912年毕业，与艾略特（Eliot），沃尔特·利普曼（Walter Lippman），范·威克斯（Van Wyck Brooks）和E.E.卡明斯（E.E. Cummings）毕业。在担任记者之后，艾肯（Aiken）完全致力于写作，也有少量的私人收入。在艾肯承认的许多影响力中，弗洛伊德，哈维洛克·埃利斯，威廉·詹姆斯，埃德加·艾伦·坡和法国象征主义者的著作在他的作品中很明显。弗洛伊德认为艾肯的大圈子是分析内省的杰作。 Aiken's first collection of verse, EARTH TRIUMPHANT, appeared in 1914 and made him known as a poet. He was a contributing editor to Dial, which led to a friendship with Ezra Pound. Aiken's essays, collected in SKEPTICISMS (1919) and A REVIEWER'S ABC (1958), dealt with the questions provoked by his commitment to literature as a mode of self-understanding. During the First World War Aiken claimed that he was in an 'essential industry' because of being a poet, and was granted an exemption for this reason. Aiken's adult life was marked by trans-Atlantic journeys. In 1921 he moved from Massachusetts to England, settling in Rye, Sussex. In 1927-28 he was a tutor in English at Harvard. He married Clarissa M. Lorenz in 1930 (divorced in 1937). In 1933 he sailed again for Boston, and then spent two years in Rye (1934-36), writing 'London Letters' to the New Yorker. He returned to New York and Boston, and travelled in Mexico, where he married the artist Mary Hoover. They returned to Rye in 1937, but moved to the United States after the outbreak of World War II. In 1930 Aiken was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his collection SELECTED POEMS. Most of Aiken's fiction was written between the 1920s and '30s, among others novels BLUE VOYAGE (1927), in which he used interior monologue, KING COFFIN (1934), and short story collections BRING! BRING! (1925) and AMONG THE LOST PEOPLE (1934). After staying two years in Rye, Aiken settled in 1947 in Brewster, Massachusetts. He was a consultant in poetry at the Library of Congress from 1950 to 1952. In 1953 he published COLLECTED POEMS, which included the masterwork 'Preludes to Definition' and 'Morning Song of Senlin'. Aiken's 'autobiographical narrative' USHANT (1952) depicted his friendships with Malcolm Lowry, T.S. Eliot, and other figures he knew. It dramatized the attempt of its protagonist, the author's persona, to read the palimpsest of hieroglyphs that constitutes the landscape of his soul, and mingled sketches of the literary generation between the wars with psychoanalytic free association. From 1962 on Aiken wintered in a Savannah house adjacent to that of his childhood. He died in Savannah on August 17, 1973. Aiken received Pulitzer Prize, National Book Award, Bollinger Prize in 1956, Gold Medal in Poetry from the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1958, and National Medal for Literature in 1969. Aiken's psychological penetrations and verbal richness never received the wide recognition they deserve in spite of his several awards. Posthumously published THE SELECTED LETTERS OF CONRAD AIKEN (1978) contains correspondence with such literary colleagues as Wallace Stevens, Harriet Monroe, and Edmund Wilson.