- 时间1892 - 1950
埃德娜·圣文森特·米莱，1892年出生于缅因州，成长为20世纪最重要的抒情诗人之一。她还是一位颇有成就的剧作家和演说家，经常巡回朗诵自己的诗歌。这一切都发生在她的公共生活中，但她的私人生活同样有趣。不寻常的童年导致了不寻常的成年。她是公认的双性恋者，与许多女性有过风流韵事，有时在她的诗歌和戏剧中可以明显看出她对女性的喜爱。她确实结了婚，但即使是她生命中的那一部分也有些不寻常，婚姻是相当公开的，婚外恋虽然没有记录，但很可能发生。在埃德娜七岁的时候，她的母亲要求她的丈夫离开家。从那以后，他在女孩的生活中扮演了一个微不足道的角色。埃德娜和她的两个姐妹随母亲搬到了马萨诸塞州的纽伯里波特，在那里，让埃德娜高兴的是，她上了钢琴课。埃德娜(她坚持叫文森特，甚至用这个名字参加写作比赛)和她的姐妹们在文学和音乐方面都受到母亲的鼓励。 Then, in highschool, Millay's interests expanded to include theatre. She performed in numerous plays and wrote a Halloween play for her classmates to act out. Millay enjoyed her free-spirited childhood and adolescence and the creativity that it inspired. At the age of twenty, she entered her poem "Renascence" into a poetry contest for the The Lyric Year, a contest from which 100 poems were to be chosen to be published. It was, at first, overlooked as being too simplistic, however, one of the judges took a second look at it and the poem, now one of her most well known, ended up winning fourth place. It was that poem which really started her on her literary career, beginning with a scholarship to the then all female college of Vassar. Millay kept up her writing, both poetic and dramatic while at Vassar. It was during this time that she was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for her book The Harp-Weaver and other Poems. Millay's first book of poetry, Renascence and Other Poems was published in 1917 and well received. Then A Few Figs from Thistles was published in 1922 and sparked some attention as well as controversy with its feminist leanings. In particular the poems within maintained that the sexual freedom formerly commandeered by men was equally valid for women. This feeling is particularly obvious in the sonnet beginning "What lips my lips have kissed,". Keep in mind that all of this was accomplished during Millay's college years! After graduation she moved to Greenwich Village in New York, a particularly free-thinking and artistic borough. In Great Companions, Max Eastman relates an interesting story about Millay that, if true, reveals something of her attitude about own sexuality. Millay did eventually marry Eugen Boissevain, who managed her career and was a great source of support. The marriage, as mentioned above, was agreed to be open and Millay herself said that they maintained their personal freedom, living more as great friends than as husband and wife. Millay, a smoker in an age of smokers, succumbed to her failure in 1950 at her home, Steepletop, in Austerlitz New York. Boissevain, who was considerably older, had died the previous year.