艾萨克·沃茨传记

艾萨克·瓦茨

艾萨克·沃茨照片
  • 时间1674 - 1748
  • 的地方南安普顿
  • 国家英格兰

诗人的传记

瓦茨出生在南安普敦,在一个坚定的不墨守成规的家庭中长大——他的父亲艾萨克·瓦茨(Isaac Watts)曾因其有争议的观点两次入狱。在爱德华六世国王学校(其中一所学校现在以他的名字命名为“瓦茨”),他学习了拉丁语、希腊语和希伯来语。他在家里表现出一种押韵的倾向,在很多场合,他的诗句让他的父母心烦意乱。有一次,他不得不解释他是如何在祈祷时睁开眼睛的。“一只小老鼠因为没有楼梯,跑上一根绳子去祈祷。”他因此受到体罚,他哭着说:“啊,父亲,请怜悯我吧,我不再作诗了。”瓦茨因为自己的不从教而无法进入牛津或剑桥,1690年他去了斯托克纽因顿的异见学院,他的大部分生活都集中在那个村庄,当时是一个田园般的乡村,但现在是内伦敦的一部分。他的教育使他成为伦敦一个大型独立教堂的牧师,尽管身体不好,他也发现自己在帮助见习牧师的位置上。作为一名私人教师,他住在斯托克纽灵顿的阿布尼公园的弗利特伍德之家的不墨守成章的哈托普一家,后来住在赫特福德郡切尚特的西奥巴德的托马斯·阿布尼爵士和玛丽·阿布尼夫人的家里,以及他们的第二处住所,斯托克纽灵顿的阿布尼之家。虽然托马斯爵士不墨守成规,但由于他在1700 - 01年担任伦敦市长期间的需要,他偶尔也会遵从英国国教。 Likewise, Isaac Watts held religious opinions that were more non-denominational or ecumenical than was at that time common for a non-conformist, having a greater interest in promoting education and scholarship, than preaching for any particular ministry. On the death of Sir Thomas Abney, Watts moved permanently with his widow and her remaining daughter to Abney House, a property that Mary had inherited from her brother, along with title to the Manor itself. The beautiful grounds at Abney Park, which became Watts' permanent home from 1736 to 1748, led down to an island heronry in the Hackney Brook where he sought inspiration for the many books and hymns he wrote. He is likely to have attended the nearby Newington Green Unitarian Church, as "in later life was known to have adopted decidedly Unitarian opinions". He died in Stoke Newington and was buried in Bunhill Fields, having left behind him a massive legacy, not only of hymns, but also of treatises, educational works, essays and the like. His work was influential amongst independents and early religious revivalists in his circle, amongst whom was Philip Doddridge, who dedicated his best known work to Watts. On his death, Isaac Watts' papers were given to Yale University, an institution with which he was connected due to its being founded predominantly by fellow Independents (Congregationalists).