传记沃尔特·惠特曼

沃尔特·惠特曼

沃尔特·惠特曼的照片
  • 时间段1819年至1892年
  • 地方纽约
  • 国家美国

诗人传记

沃尔特·惠特曼(Walt Whitman)于1819年5月31日出生于纽约长岛的西山。他所崇拜的荷兰血统和Quaker Faith的母亲Louisa Van Velsor几乎没有识字。她从未读过他的诗歌,但给了他无条件的爱。他的英国血统父亲是房屋的木匠和建造者,也是严厉的纪律人员。他对成名的主要声称是他与汤姆·潘恩(Tom Paine)的友谊,汤姆·潘恩(Tom Paine)的友谊(1776年),敦促殖民者抛弃英国统治,这是他稀疏的图书馆。怀疑他的父亲读了儿子的任何诗歌,或者如果他有的话会理解。高级沃尔特(Walt)为支持他越来越多的九个孩子的家庭而努力负担沉重,其中四个受到了残障的困扰。九分之一的年轻沃尔特(Walt)在11岁时被撤回公立学校,以帮助养家糊口。在十二岁的时候,他开始学习打印机的交易,并爱上了书面和印刷单词。他主要是自学成才。 He read voraciously, and became acquainted with Homer, Dante, Shakespeare and Scott early in life. He knew the Bible thoroughly, and as a God-intoxicated poet, desired to inaugurate a religion uniting all of humanity in bonds of friendship. In 1836, at the age of 17, he began his career as an innovative teacher in the one-room school houses of Long Island. He permitted his students to call him by his first name, and devised learning games for them in arithmetic and spelling. He continued to teach school until 1841, when he turned to journalism as a full-time career. He soon became editor for a number of Brooklyn and New York papers. From 1846 to 1847 Whitman was the editor of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Whitman went to New Orleans in 1848, where he was editor for a brief time of the "New Orleans Crescent". In that city he had become fascinated with the French language. Many of his poems contain words of French derivation. It was in New Orleans that he experienced at first hand the viciousness of slavery in the slave markets of that city. On his return to Brooklyn in the fall of 1848, he founded a "free soil" newspaper, the "Brooklyn Freeman". Between 1848 and 1855 he developed the style of poetry that so astonished Ralph Waldo Emerson. When the poet's Leaves Of Grass reached him as a gift in July, 1855, the Dean of American Letters thanked him for "the wonderful gift" and said that he rubbed his eyes a little "to see if the sunbeam was no illusion." Walt Whitman had been unknown to Emerson prior to that occasion. The "sunbeam" that illuminated a great deal of Whitman's poetry was Music. It was one of the major sources of his inspiration. Many of his four hundred poems contain musical terms, names of instruments, and names of composers. He insisted that music was "greater than wealth, greater than buildings, ships, religions, paintings." In his final essay written one year before his death in 1891, he sums up his struggles of thirty years to write Leaves of Grass. The opening paragraph of his self-evaluation "A Backward Glance O'er Travel'd Road," begins with his reminiscences of "the best of songs heard." His concluding comments again return to thoughts about music, saying that "the strongest and sweetest songs remain yet to be sung." "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloomed" and "O Captain! My Captain!" (1866) are two of his more famous poems. A poet who was ardently singing on life and himself, Whitman is today claimed as one of the few truly great American men of letters.