威廉·考伯传记

威廉·考珀

威廉·考伯的照片
  • 时间1731 - 1800
  • 的地方赫特福德郡
  • 国家英格兰

诗人的传记

威廉·考伯是赫特福德郡一位牧师的儿子,在当地一所寄宿学校和威斯敏斯特学校接受教育。他在伦敦内殿学院学习法律,但从未将其作为职业。他一生都饱受抑郁症的折磨,精神很脆弱。他的父亲决定禁止他娶他的初恋,他的表妹西奥多拉·考伯,这增加了他精神上的压力。1763年,一想到要参加上议院的一次考试,他精神崩溃,企图自杀。他在牧师莫利·昂温和他的妻子玛丽的照料下恢复了健康。莫雷死后,考伯和温家的人住在一起,并和玛丽订了婚。他不断恶化的精神状况使他无法结婚,但他们仍然是亲密的朋友。副牧师约翰·牛顿是个阴郁的加尔文主义者,他的陪伴并没有改善考伯的精神状态。在牛顿的影响下,库珀开始相信他注定要受到永恒的诅咒,1773年,他再次遭受了疯狂的袭击。 Although his association with Newton produced the book Olney Hymns (1779), it can hardly be described as a fruitful partnership for Cowper, and his health improved when the preacher left for London. Encouraged by Mary Unwin, Cowper wrote a series of moral satires which were published in Poems (1782), and his happier frame of mind at this time can be seen in poems such as 'Retirement ' and 'Conversation'. Another friend, the widow Lady Austen, provided the story for the ballad 'The Journey of John Gilpin', as well as the initial idea which Cowper developed into The Task. In his later years Cowper translated Homer and Milton's Greek and Latin poems. The death of Mary Unwin in 1796 resulted in the profound despair which is expressed in his last great poem, 'The Castaway'.