威廉·施温克·吉尔伯特（William Schwenck Gilbert）
威廉·施温克·吉尔伯特（William Schwenck Gilbert）于1836年出生于伦敦，是一位退休的海军外科医生的儿子。除了意大利二岁的意大利brigand绑架，并释放了释放，他似乎的成长方式非常正常。除了普通教育之外，他还接受了炮兵军官的培训，并获得了军事科学的辅导，希望参加克里米亚战争。不幸的是，对他而言，但对我们而言，他直到战争结束后才毕业。吉尔伯特随后加入民兵，成为成员20年。在完成军事训练后，吉尔伯特（Gilbert）从事政府局工作。吉尔伯特（Gilbert）从姨妈那里得到了一个不错的继承权后，沉迷于他的幻想，成为大律师。吉尔伯特（Gilbert）的法律事业（Gilbert）的法律生涯28岁时被召唤到酒吧，没有“富有律师的老年人，丑陋的女儿”来帮助他逃脱平庸，仅持续了几年。然而，在离开法律实践之前，他嫁给了一名军官的女儿。吉尔伯特（Gilbert）从小就表现出对苛刻的机智和讽刺性的倾向，正是这种才华使他走上了伟大的道路。 Beginning in 1861, Gilbert contributed dramatic criticism and humorous verse (unsigned) to the popular British magazine FUN. Some of his work was accompanied by cartoons and sketches which were signed "Bab." Many of the characters in the G&S operas were modelled after some of Gilbert's "Bab" characters. A collection of these 'Bab Ballads' was later published in 1869. The period from 1868 to 1875 was a very fruitful period for Gilbert, primarily because two plays which he wrote in 1871 netted him huge financial rewards. This was also the year that he collaborated briefly with a composer named Sullivan on a production entitled Thespis which did not bring the duo any notoriety. Their collaboration, however, spanned twenty-five years and produced a total of fourteen comic operas of which The Grand Duke, the last in the order, premiered in 1896. Gilbert was knighted by Edward VII in 1907 and died in 1911, at age 74, while attempting to save a drowning woman.